History of United Nation

united-nations-officeThe United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the first who suggested the name United Nation. During the Second World War Franklin D. Roosevelt was used in the Declaration by United Nation, when the delegates of 26 countries vowed their governments to keep fighting together against the Axis Powers. States initially established international organizations to participate in the particular matters. The International Telecommunication Union established in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union, and the Universal Postal Union was made in 1874. Both are currently United Nations specialized agencies.

In 1899, the International Peace Conference was held in The Hague to expand the instruments for settling crises peacefully, preventing wars and codifying guidelines of warfare. It embraced the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes and made the permanent Court of Arbitration, which began in 1902. The United Nation was the second multipurpose international association established in the 20th century that was worldwide in membership and scope. The League of Nations, was made by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and disbanded in 1946 to promote international collaboration and to achieve security and peace. The International Labor Organization was also created under the Treaty of Versailles as a subsidiary agency of the League. The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to keep the Second World War.

In 1945, the San Francisco Conference opened the UN Charter to the signature page. Agents of 50 countries met at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco to draw up the UN Charter. The Charter was signed on June 26, 1945 by the representative of the 50 countries. The United Nations formally came into existence on October 24, 1945, when the Charter had been confirmed in France, China, the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom and by a greater part of other signatories. United Nations Day is praised on 24 October every year.

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